MATH SOLVE

2 months ago

Q:
# A manufacturer of matches randomly and independently puts 22 matches in each box of matches produced. The company knows that one-tenth of 5 percent of the matches are flawed. What is the probability that a matchbox will have one or fewer matches with a flaw?

Accepted Solution

A:

Answer:The probability that a matchbox will have one or fewer matches with a flaw is 0.9946 approximately. Step-by-step explanation:Consider the provided information.A manufacturer of matches randomly and independently puts 22 matches in each box of matches produced. The company knows that one-tenth of 5 percent of the matches are flawed. One-tenth of 5 percent can be written as 0.5%Here we have the value of n=22 and the value of p=0.5%=0.005We want the probability that a matchbox will have one or fewer matches with a flaw.That means [tex]P(X\leq 1)=P(X=0)+P(X=1)[/tex]Thus the required probability is:[tex]P(X\leq 1)=\binom{22}{0}0.005^0(1-0.005)^{22}+\binom{22}{1}0.005^1(1-0.005)^{21}\\P(X\leq 1)=(0.995)^{22}+\binom{22}{1}0.005^1(0.995)^{21}\\P(X\leq 1)\approx 0.8956+22\times 0.005\times (0.995)^{21}\\P(X\leq 1)=0.8956+0.099\\P(X\leq 1)=0.9946[/tex]Hence, the probability that a matchbox will have one or fewer matches with a flaw is 0.9946 approximately.